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Sunday, May 10, 2015

Dowry Prophet Muhammad To Khadijah Part 1/2

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Islamic Culture | Dowry Prophet Muhammad To Khadijah - WITH twenty young camels as dowry Muhammad establish his marriage with Khadija. He moved into the house of Khadija in starting his new life, the life of husband and wife and mother-father, loving love as a twenty-five-year-old boy. He did not know the young runaway appetite, he also knows no blind love that began as flames leapt back to later extinguished. Of marriage that he might receive some of the children, male and female. The death of his two sons, al-Qasim and Abdullah at-Tahir at-Tayyib1 have caused grief in all. Children who are still alive all women. Wise once it against his kids and very gentle. And they are very loyal and respectful to him.

Paras sweet and beautiful face, stature medium, not too high, not too short, with a head that big, dark-haired once between curly and straight. Wide and flat forehead above a pair of bushy eyebrows arched and drew together, her eyes wide and a pair of black, white at the edges of his eyes slightly to the red-cheeked, looked more attractive and powerful: his eyes sharp, with feather-black eye-jet , Nose gently and evenly with a row of teeth that slotted openings. A wide beard, long-necked and beautiful. His chest was wide with two shoulders that field. The color of his skin bright and clear with both hands and feet thick.

 
Dowry Prophet Muhammad To Khadijah
When running body slightly leaning forward, step quickly and surely. Imagine his face full of reflections and thoughts, his eyes showing authority, make people obedient to him.

By its very nature that should not be surprised if Khadijah love and obedient to him, and not surprisingly, Muhammad also took care of his property and he freed himself holding it like its original condition and let him use the time to think and berenung.

Muhammad, who has got the gift of God in marriage to Khadijah was in a high position and wealth fairly. The entire population of Mecca look at it with joy and respect. They saw the grace of God which was given to him as well as the hopes of bringing good derivative with Khadijah. But all of that does not reduce interaction with them. In the day-to-day life with their participation remain as before. In fact he is more respected again in the midst of them. Its very humble more obvious again. If there is to talk to him he listened carefully without turning to others. Not just listen to the talking to him, even he rnemutarkan whole body. Speaking little, more he listened. When the talk is always serious, but even though so he also did not forget to participate to make humor and splashing-joke, but it says it is always the truth. Sometimes he laughed until his molar visible. If he never gets angry looks of his anger, just between the two looked a little sweaty forehead. This is due to he held his anger and did not want to show it off. All were carried away by their nature are always gracefully, goodwill and respect for others. He wise, generous and sociable. But he also has a definite purpose, strong-willed, assertive and never hesitated in its purpose. Such traits combine in himself and left influence in all the people who hang out with him. For people who see it suddenly, while there will be respect, and for people who get along with him will be a sense of love to him.

What a level of influence that exists in the life of affection between him and his wife Khadijah as truly faithful.

Muhammad association with the Meccans uninterrupted, also participation in the day-to-day life of the community. At that time the community was busy because of a huge flood that came down from the mountain, never overwrite and cracked the walls of the Kaaba that was already rapuk. Before even then Quraysh was already thinking about it. The place is not roofed it became the target of thieves took valuables in it. Only Quraishi afraid; if the building is strengthened, exalted and given a roof door, the god of the holy Kaaba would lower the disaster to them. Throughout the Jahiliyya their circumstances covered by various kinds of legends which threaten anyone who dared to hold something changes. Thus the act was considered not public.

But after experiencing floods that such action is a must, although still completely timid and hesitant. A coincidence has occurred a ship owned by a merchant named Baqum2 Romanic coming from Egypt crashes at sea and rupture. Actually this Baqum a building expert who knows well the problems of trade. After Quraishi know this, then departed al-Walid bin'l-Mughira with some people from the Quraish to Jidah. The ship was bought from its owners, who all invited to negotiate so that both come to Mecca in order to help them build the Kaaba back. Baqum approved the request. At that time there was a Coptic Mecca qualified as a carpenter. Agreement is reached that he too would work with Baqum assistance.

The corners of the Kaaba by the Quraish tribe divided into four sections each got one angle that must be dismantled and rebuilt. Before acting make reforms that they are still hesitant, worried about catastrophic received. Then al-Walid bin'l-Mughira forward with little fear. After he prayed to the gods began to remodel the corners selatan.3 he stayed longer waiting for what the Lord will do later against al-Walid. But when it turns out until the morning did not happen, they busy to remodel and move the stones there. And Muhammad were also carrying the rock.

After they tried to unload a green stone found in situ with the hoe did not succeed, let the stone as a building foundation. And the mountains around where it is now the people of Quraysh began hauling boulders blue, and pembangunanpun begin. After the building was as tall as people stand up and it was time putting the Black Stone in its place purified in the eastern corner, there arose a dispute among the Quraish, who should have the honor of putting the stone in place. Thus mounting it so that almost any dispute arising out of civil war because of it. Family Abd'd-Dar and families' Adi tribes agreed not to let any interference in this great honor. For that they took an oath together. Family Abd'd-Dar carrying a tray of blood. Hands they put in the tray in order to strengthen their oath. Because it was then named La'aqat'd-Dam, namely "licking the blood. '

Bin'l Umayya Abu-Mughira of Banu Makhzum, is the oldest among them, respected and obeyed. After seeing a similar situation, he said to them:

"Cast your decision is in the hands of people who first entered this Safa door."

But when they saw Muhammad was the first person to enter the place, they exclaimed: "This is al-Amin; we can accept his decision. "

Then they told him the incident. And he listened and already see in their eyes how berkobarnya fire hostilities. He thought for a moment, then said: "Give me a piece of cloth," he said. After the cloth was delivered threw and took the stone and placed them with his own hands, and then he said; "Let every head of the tribe holding the end of this fabric."

They jointly bring the fabric to where the stone will be laid. Then Muhammad issued the stone from the cloth and put it in its place. Thus the dispute was over and disaster can be avoided.

Quraishi finish building the Kaaba to as high as eighteen feet (± 11 meters), and raised off the ground in such a way, so that they can send or prohibit the entry. In that they make the six pillars in two rows and in the west corner inside mounted a ladder climb up to the terrace on the top then put Hubal in the Ka'bah. Also in place were placed other valuables, which before was built and given a roof into a target of theft.

Regarding the age of Muhammad time to build the Kaaba and give its decision on the stone, there are still differences of opinion. Some say the age of twenty-five years. Ibn Ishaq argued thirty-five years old. Both of the opinion that either the first or later, just the same; but clearly the rapid Quraysh accept the terms of the first through the door Shafa, followed by actions took a stone and placed on a cloth and then took it out of cloth and put in its place in the Ka'bah, showing how high his position in the eyes of the Meccans, how much their appreciation to him as people with big hearts.

A conflict between tribes, the Conspiracy La'aqat'd-Dam ('licks Blood'), and award to the person who originally entered the Safa door, showing that the power of Mecca actually been falling.

Power that used to exist on Qushayy, Hashim and Abd'l-Muttalib now no longer exists. Their power struggle between the family of Hashim and Umayya family after the death of Abd'l-Muttalib enormous influence.

With the collapse of the once so it is reasonable will bring bad consequences to Mecca, if it were not because of the taste of the sacred in the hearts of all Arabs against the Ancient House. And even then brought as a result of the collapse of the fairly well, which adds to the freedom of thought and freedom of expression, and raises the courage the Jews and the Christians denounced Arabs who still worship idols - something they would not dare to do when there are power. It ends with the disappearance of worship idols in the hearts of residents of Mecca and the Quraysh themselves, although nobles and leaders of Mecca still showed such veneration and worship. Their attitude is actual groundless once; because they saw that the prevailing religion is one of the tools that will maintain order and avoid the chaos thought. With the-idolatrous worship in the Kaaba, this is a guarantee for Mecca as a religious center and trading. And it is so in fact, reversed this position Mecca can also enjoy prosperity and trade relations. But it will not change the loss worship idols in the hearts of the Meccans.

There is some information that says, that one day the people of Quraysh were assembled in Nakhla celebrate idol 'Uzza; four of them quietly left the ceremony. They were: Zaid b. 'Amr, Usman bin'l-Huwairith,' Ubaydullah b. Jahsh and Waraqa b. Nawfal.

They are each other saying: "Know that your people did not have a goal; they are in error. What does it mean we surround the stone: memdengar not, see not, no harm, nor menguntungkanpun. Only the victim's blood flowing over the rock. Brothers and sisters, let us look for another religion, not this. "

From among them the then Waraqa embraced Christianity. It was said that she is copying the Gospel into Arabic. 'Ubaydullah b. Jahsh still remain vague stance. Later converted to Islam and joined migrated to Abyssinia. There he moved to the religion of Christianity until the death. But his wife - Umm Habiba bint Abi Sufyan - remained in Islam, until then he became one of the wives of the Prophet and Umm'l-Mumineen.

Zaid b. 'Amr even left his wife and his uncle al-Khattab. He explored Sham and Iraq, then back again. But he does not want to belong to one religion, either Jews or Christians. Also he left the religious community and away from the idol. It was he who said, leaning against the wall of the Kaaba: "O Allah, if I know, the more you like the way I worship You, of course I will. But I know it was not me. "

Usman bin'l-Huwairith, which was related to Khadija, go to the Byzantine and Christian religion. It gets a good position on the Byzantine emperor. Mentioned also, that he expects Mecca will be under Byzantine rule and his ambition wants to be governors. But the Meccans throw. He went Banu Ghassan sought refuge in the Sham. He intends to cut trade to Mecca. But gifts to residents of Mecca also to Banu Ghassan. Finally, he died on the spot due to poisoning.

For years Muhammad remained together Meccans in people's daily lives. He discovered inside Khadijah best female role models; women who are fertile and loving, to give herself to him, and had given birth to children such as: al-Qasim and Abdullah were dubbed at-Tahir and at-Tayyib, and the daughters as Zainab, Ruqayya, Umm Kulthum and Fatimah. About al-Qasim and Abdullah not much is known, except that they are dead mentioned in the Jahiliyya small and no leave something noteworthy. But certainly the death it left deep scars on their parents. Likewise, the self Khadijah was very painful heart.

In each of the deaths in the Jahiliyya of Khadijah went to the idols ask: why idols did not give affection, why idol was not bestow a sense of pity, so that he gets misfortune, grief stricken over and over again !? Feelings of sadness because of the death of such children is certainly felt also by her husband. Sadness is always whipped up his heart, imagine living in istennya, looks everytime he came home sitting beside him

Not so difficult for us would have guessed how deeply the sadness so that, in an age that justifies the girls buried alive and keep the male offspring is equal to keeping a necessity of life, and it's even more so. Suffice be an example of how great sadness, Muhammad could not resist top loss, so when Zaid b. Haritha brought asked to Khadija that he bought later dimerdekakannya. At that time, people called Zayd ibn Muhammad. This situation remained so until he became a follower and friend were elected. Muhammad also feel sad when later his son, Ibrahim died anyway. Such sadness arise after Islam forbids burying daughters alive, and after determining that heaven is under mother's feet.

Of course the catastrophe that hit Muhammad with the death of her two children was also influential in the lives and thoughts. Of course also the mind and attention focused on the misfortune that came one after the override, which by Khadijah done by bringing offerings made idols in the Kaaba, slaughtering animals for Hubal, Lat, 'Uzza and Manat, the third terakhir.4

He ingn redeem sadness disaster that happened to him. However, all the sacrifices and the slaughter was not useful at all.

Towards children who women Muhammad also give attention, by mating them to the considered eligible (kufu '). Zainab, the eldest married to Abu'l-`As bin'r-Rabi 'b.'Abd Shams - his mother was related to Khadija - a young man who appreciated the community because of the honesty and success in world trade. The harmonious marriage too, though later after the arrival of Islam - when Zainab will be migrated to Medina and Mecca - they are separate, as we will see in more detail later. Ruqayya and Umm Kulthum mated with 'Utba and' Utaiba children of Abu Lahab, uncle. After Islam's two wives separated from their husbands, because Abu Lahab ordered his two sons were divorcing their wives, who then successively became the wife Usman.5

When that Fatimah was a child and her marriage with Ali was only after the advent of Islam.

Footnote:

1 Based on most of the genealogical expert, that sons of the Prophet from Khadijah two people: al-Qasim and Abdullah, who was given the nickname at-Tahir and at-Tayyib. There are also those who say three, some are saying four people.

2 Perhaps this name already Arabized (A)

3 The building consists of four corner known by the names of the northern corner, ar-rukn'l-iraqi (Iraq), the southern corner, ar-rukn'l-Yamani, the west corner, ar-rukn'l-Shami and east corner , ar-rukn'l-aswad (A)

4 Hubal, Lat, 'Uzza and Manat are idols Arab pagan gods. The legend says that the biggest idol Hubal who live in the Kaaba, made of agate in human form (see pages 21-22). Description of the gods Lat woman. 'Uzza and Manat vary depending on the shape. He said Lat in human form as well, 'the idol Uzza Thaqif. 'Uzza in the beginning was a sacred tree, located between Mecca to Ta'if. Manat is a white stone, idols of the Hudhail and Khuza'a. All three were shaped women. (A)

5 Usman b. 'Affan, the third caliph. After Ruqayya divorced by 'Utba wife taken by Usman b. 'Affan. After Umm Kulthum married adult with 'Utaiba, then divorced anyway. After the year 2 H. Ruqayya death, Usman mating dcngan Umm Kulthum. He died in the year-to-9 H. Medina (A).
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